What is Title One Preschool?
What is Title One Preschool?

What is a Wisconsin Title I preschool program?

For the purpose of Title I, a preschool program is a program of educational services for eligible children below the age at which the LEA provides elementary education and is focused on raising the academic achievement of children once they reach school age.

What is the purpose of a Wisconsin Title I preschool program?

Title I preschool programs provide young children with the early learning experiences that will enable them to meet academic standards throughout elementary and secondary school. Many students simply start out so far behind that they never catch up with the expectations of the school . One of the purposes of Title I is to narrow and eventually eliminate this gap.

Preschool can play a major role in this effort. Research has found that intensive, high-quality preschool programs can close much of the early achievement gap. Title I recognizes the value of early intervention through proven approaches. Section 1112(c)(1)(F) of the ESEA requires LEAs, when developing their plans, to provide an assurance that they will take into account the experience of model programs for the educationally disadvantaged, and the findings of relevant scientifically-based research indicating that services may be most effective if focused on students in the earliest grades at Title I schools. Supporting children’s growth, development, and learning in the early years, particularly for children who face significant challenges to successful learning, is an important strategy for preventing school failure and preparing children to demonstrate reading proficiency by the end of third grade.

Don’t young children naturally develop the skills they need for school success?

Children are able to learn a great deal by simply exploring their environment independently and by interacting with people, given that some knowledge is naturally discoverable. Some knowledge, as well as many skills, however, are not naturally discoverable through independent exploration or through typical interactions with others, and these skills must be explicitly taught. Scientifically-based reading research has identified specific skills that young children need to acquire a foundation for reading success.

What are the benefits of a high-quality preschool experience?

Research over the last 20 years has provided convincing evidence that children who have attended high-quality pre-kindergarten programs (Reynolds, 2000) —

  • perform better in reading and math throughout the elementary grades;
  • are less likely to be held back a grade;
  • are less likely to require special education;
  • are less likely to present discipline problems; and
  • are more likely to be enthusiastic about school and have good school attendance.